Fracking is conducted by drilling down
into a rock formation several thousand
feet and injecting water and chemicals
into the rocks; this splits the rocks apart,
releasing the natural gas which is then
captured and used for energy production.
One of the main concerns is the waste
water and its disposal. It can be injected
into the ground or put into a lined pond
and allowed to evaporate; there is generally too much water for treatment to remove the chemicals to be a viable option.
Injecting water into the ground has
caused controversy as some people claim
it contaminates the groundwater from
which they drink, although the water is
injected far below groundwater levels.
Studies have shown that if the casings
used to protect groundwater from contamination aren’t inserted or cemented
correctly, contamination can occur.
Contaminated drinking water has been
found near fracking sites in Pennsylvania
A report showed that in New Mexico,
chemicals from waste pits containing
wastewater from fracking contaminated
water sources 421 times. This could lead
to residents discovering contaminated
water in their wells or groundwater, and
then having to deal with cleanup, something not covered under the homeowners policy. Other concerns are that the
chemicals used are carcinogenic. Testing,
monitoring, and cleanup of pollutants
in the ground or water are not covered
under the homeowners form. Methane
buildup, which could cause an explosion,
is another concern. Any pollution found
on a homeowner’s property is not covered for cleanup under the homeowners
policy form. However, an explosion from
a methane buildup would be covered.
Twenty states have enacted legislation
concerning fracking and its byproducts.
Some states have gone so far as to prohibit or ban fracking altogether. The En-
Fracking and Earthquakes:
Fracking, or hydraulic fracturing, is a way of releasing natural gas so that it can be used to produce energy. In recent years it has become more popular as a way to harvest natural gas. The
process creates two byproducts, natural gas and wastewater. While it
seems straightforward enough, there are countless considerations and
concerns, many of which affect homeowners and possible damage to